11th July 2023

Understanding Junior ISAs: Age Limits and More

As a parent, one of the things you want to help ensure is your child’s future financial security. An increasingly popular way to do this is through a Junior Individual Savings Account (JISA). In this piece, we shall discuss the age limits, restrictions and some questions we get asked around eligibility when it comes to a Junior ISA. 

What is a Junior ISA?

A Junior ISA is a type of savings account available to those under the age of 18. These accounts are tax-efficient and offer parents, guardians, or family friends a chance to contribute towards the child’s future financial security. Just like an adult ISA, they fall under the UK government’s Individual Savings Account (ISA) scheme.

Junior ISA Age Limits

The Junior ISA age limits are quite straightforward. To open a Junior ISA, the individual must be under 18 and living in the UK. If the child was born between 1st September 2002 and 2nd January 2011, they would have had a Child Trust Fund (CTF) which can be transferred to a Junior ISA

Opening a Junior ISA

Anyone with parental responsibility can open a Junior ISA for a child under the age of 18. The account is managed by the parent or guardian until the child reaches adulthood. Post the age of 18 the child takes over the management of the account. 

Types of Junior ISAs

There are two types of Junior ISAs: Cash Junior ISAs and Stocks and Shares Junior ISAs.

Cash Junior ISAs

These work in a similar way to regular savings accounts, but with one major advantage – the interest earned is tax-free (up to the annual limit). Unlike a savings account, the funds in a Junior ISA can’t be accessed until a child turns 18. 

An Investment Junior ISA

An Investment Junior ISA (also known as a Stocks and Shares Junior ISA) allows parents to invest in stocks, shares, and bonds on behalf of their children. While these accounts have the potential for higher returns compared to Cash Junior ISAs, they also come with greater risks as the value of all investments can go down as well as up. Like Cash Junior ISAs, an Investment Junior ISA is tax-free up to the annual limit and accessible by the child when they turn 18 years of age. 

Junior ISA Allowances

The Junior ISA allowance is the maximum amount that can be contributed to a Junior ISA each tax year. The limit is set by the UK government and can change from year to year. For the 2022/2023 tax year, the limit is £9,000. 

Who Can Contribute to a Junior ISA?

Anyone can contribute to a Junior ISA, making them a great option for gifts from family and friends. At the Children’s ISA, we have made contributing to a Junior ISA as easy as A, B, and C.  The total contributions, however, must stay within the annual limit to avoid any tax implications. 

What Happens When a Junior ISA Matures?

When the account holder turns 18, their Junior ISA automatically turns into an adult ISA, and they gain full access to the funds. This can provide a significant financial head start in adulthood, whether it’s for university fees, a first car, or even a deposit for a first home.

As we can see, Junior ISAs offer a fantastic way to save for your child’s future in a tax-efficient way. Any child under the age of 18 is eligible to open one and it’s never too early (or too late) to start helping your child on their way to financial independence.  If you would like to know how much a child’s investment could be worth (based on historical performance) check out our calculator here.

© The Children’s ISA Ltd 2023. All rights reserved.

The website and the information contained therein should not be regarded as an offer or solicitation to conduct investment business in any jurisdiction other than the UK. Past performance is not necessarily a guide to future performance and the value of your investment may fall as well as rise, and any income received in the form of dividends may fluctuate. You may not get back the full amount when the account is closed. If paying regular monthly contributions please bear in mind that if contributions are not maintained you will be less likely to achieve the investment amount that was originally projected.

The information on this website is not advice, it is provided solely to enable you to make your own investment decisions. The investments and /or investment services referred to may not be suitable for all investors.

The Children’s ISA Limited is authorised and regulated by the Financial Conduct Authority. (FCA No: 563043)
The Children’s ISA Limited is a company registered in England and Wales. Registered Company Number: 07486015

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